Formal Action Taken on Additional Agenda Products With out the Prospect for Community Comment Violated the Sunshine Act | Tucker Arensberg, P.C.

Mid-Mon Valley Publishing Enterprise, LLC, d/b/a Mon Valley Independent and Tina O’Dell v. Town of Monessen, a Third-Class City, and Matt Shorraw, as Mayor, No. 581 of 2020 (Westmoreland County Widespread Pleas Court, December 11, 2020).  Action taken by a town council on things additional to a conference agenda without the need of furnishing the chance for prior community comment violated the Sunshine Act, but was not invalidated owing to ratification at a subsequent general public assembly.


Match was brought by the Mon Valley Independent newspaper and a resident of the Metropolis of Monessen in Westmoreland County Common Pleas Court against the two the Metropolis and its Mayor for steps taken at a reorganization assembly held on January 6, 2020.  The Agenda provided for community comment through the meeting on Agenda products only, with remark on non-Agenda things authorized only immediately prior to adjournment.  Following community remark at the beginning of the meeting, the Mayor, who is also a voting member of Council underneath the 3rd-Course City Code, moved to fireplace the Town Solicitor.  The Movement was promptly seconded and handed.  The majority of Council then passed a Movement to employ the service of a alternative.  Council went on to eliminate the Metropolis Administrator and appoint a replacement, as well as to pass Motions limiting access to Town cameras and rescinding an appointment to the Metropolis Sewage Authority and advertising for possible appointees.  None of these products had been detailed on the Agenda, and no general public remark on them was been given prior to these official actions.  All of these choices had been ratified at a subsequent public voting assembly, in which community comment was offered on just about every merchandise.


The Court established that all of the steps taken at the January 6, 2020 Reorganization Meeting were prima facie violations of Pennsylvania Sunshine Act.  Although public comment was permitted at the beginning of the assembly on the Agenda, the subjects of these Motions had been not shown.  Hence, the expected prospect for general public comment was not allowed.  To the opposite, the Courtroom pointed out the Motions ended up “brought up abruptly and voted on straight away with…absolutely no opportunity for community comment prior to the official motion of voting.”  The Sunshine Act permits a Court docket to enter an Purchase prohibiting challenged actions from taking influence until eventually a judicial willpower of legality is designed.  It also empowers a Courtroom to exercise its discretion to invalidate steps that violate the Sunshine Act, 65 Pa. C.S.A. §713.  In this case, the Courtroom made the decision not to rescind the steps taken by Council, simply because they ended up thoroughly ratified pursuing correct options for community comment at a subsequent conference.  Nonetheless, the Court docket entered Judgment in favor of the newspaper and the resident, holding that the Council had acted illegally at the Reorganization Assembly on January 6, 2020 simply because the public was not afforded any prospect to comment on any of the Motions concerning the Solicitor, Administrator, entry to Metropolis cameras or rescission of the appointment to the Sewage Authority vacancy.  The Courtroom also ordered the Mayor, as nicely as all of the associates to Council, to go through training on the Sunshine Act by the Pennsylvania Business office of Open Information in 30 (30) days of the Court’s Purchase, even while the users of Council have been not personal Defendants in the case. 

The Sunshine Act permits a Court docket to award fair attorneys’ costs and expenditures of litigation when officers “willfully or with wanton disregard” violate the Sunshine Act. 65 Pa. C.S.A. §714.1.  Luckily for the Defendants, the Court docket attributed their violations to a “mere deficiency of information or ignorance,” so the Metropolis and Mayor, did not have to shell out the newspaper and resident’s attorneys’ costs and expenses.  Equally, the Sunshine Act permits a Court to impose fines on officers who act with the “intent and purpose” of violating the Act.  All over again, the Court decided that fines were not correct, because the violations have been not intentional. 

Realistic Suggestions

1.  Courts will implement the mandate of the Sunshine Act to enable the general public to comment in advance of any official motion.  The ideal observe is for officials who foresee discussion or action on a issue that is not mentioned on the Agenda is to transfer to amend the Agenda, so that the community and officers are on observe that formal motion may possibly just take place and are supplied a complete chance to remark. 

2.  Courts will frequently not invalidate an action adopted in violation of the Sunshine Act, when that the action is ratified at a subsequent conference that meets all of the necessities of the Sunshine Act.  For this reason, when violations inadvertently happen, a seem class of action is to ratify any motion in conformity with Sunshine Act needs.

3.  While the Defendants, in this case were being spared spending attorneys’ service fees, prices of litigation or fines, general public officers have to be vigilant to stay away from violating the Sunshine Act.  Other Courts could not be as comprehending in which vital difficulties are elevated and voted on with out the requisite general public input.